عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In science of logic equivocation and content participation has been described on the basis of the literary contractions among men of letters, but Mulla Sadra referring to that philosopher doesn't pay attention to these contractions, explains the two terms on the basis of realities of things and the relation of single word (wujud) with them. As a result of the "graded unity of being", the concept of existence is content participated; since it indicates on a single truth that is common in all creatures. But according to "particular unity of existence" that Ibn Arabi found it through intuition and Sadra proved it in discussing about cause and effect, the only extension of existence is God and thus, all discussions of equivocation and content participation will be meaningless. Therefore, we cannot really predicate "existence" to the possibilities, but we have two options: either predicate it to them by using a special gnostic term called "entity", or predicate the existence to them, metaphorically. A metaphor mulla Sadra names it as a 'gnostic metaphor' which is different from verbal one.