نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
استادیار گروه فلسفه، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Foundationalism is considered the most important approaches in epistemology. Traditional foundationalism is expounded in present article. Its main claim is the division of beliefs into two kinds: Basic beliefs and deductive beliefs. Because of the regressive argument, all deductive beliefs finally should be referred to basic beliefs.
In present essay, meanwhile explaining the objections to foundationalism, I would offer the responses regarding to Tabatabaii’s epistemological system. Fallibility and corrigibility are considered the main deficiency of foundationalism theory.
Tabatabaii explains both the possibility and the method of grasping certain knowledge on the basis of three principles. He emphasizes that all deductive beliefs should referred syllogistically to basic particularly self-evident propositions