عنوان مقاله [English]
There is an extant will of Fakhr Razi which has been controversial from ancient times until now. Preferring Quranic method to theology and philosophy in the will, Razi expressed one of his main doctrines which he had believed all his life, which is reasoning is a tool to assessing thing and proofs but it is not efficient for knowing God. This doctrine has led some scholars, such as Ibn Emad Hanbali and Fathalla Kholeif, to see it as a kind of repentance from rational discussion; they think he repented from using reasoning. Such a statement could not be a valid inference from the will: for, first, as a Muslim scholar, who wrote a detailed commentary on Quran, 32 volumes, and as a believer, as well, Fakhr had to believe in supremacy and excellence of Quran in compare to other kinds of sciences and methods. Also, those who accused him as repentance are those who were against theology (Kalam) and its rational, discursive methods; therefore, it is unsurprising that they said that. Finally, it is showed, besides all things, it is exactly the position that he had held all his life; he never trusted on reasoning unconditionally, but he always assessed everything that could be a subject to assessing, including reasoning. Thus we could not infer from those statements that they are expressing repentance.