عنوان مقاله [English]
One can inquire about the definition or interpretation of the ‘subject’ in various philosophical systems. So, the comparative analysis and interpretation of the subject can be counted as one of the most important issues is meta-epistemology.
In this regard, this paper seeks to know given that the identity of the subject in modern philosophy and for philosophers such as Kant is one-dimensional, how many dimensions it has in contemporary Islamic philosophy which emerged through confrontation and dialogue with modern philosophy? Here we will focus on the views of one of contemporary Islamic philosopher, namely, Morteza Motahhari. The question is that: what is Motahhari's viewpoint on the dimensions and aspects of the subject, as one of the commentators of Islamic philosophy and contemporary epistemology designers of Islamic philosophy confronting with modern philosophy, particularly Kant’s philosophy?
According to Motahhari's ideas and thoughts, the subject has three types of epistemological, ontological and psychological (philosophical) aspects. Its epistemological and scientific aspects relate to his theory of intuitive rationality based on secondary intelligibles and self-evident judgments. The ontological aspect must be sought in elements such as the theory of mental existence and perception abstraction. And ultimately, the psychological (philosophical) aspect is associated with the components such as Knowledge by presence, perceptual power, and so on.